Back Pain during pregnancy and its treatment

While you are pregnant, you are happy that your baby inside you is growing and that is what should happen, but sometimes it is very tough on back. Most pregnant women complain of back pain mostly during second half of their pregnancies. To minimize back pain, you need to know what you can do. This article will help knowing about the things you can do

Back Pain- Causes during pregnancy

Back pain during pregnancy occurs when your pelvis meets the spine at sacroiliac joint. Some possible reasons for back pain are

Weight gain

During a pregnancy which is healthy, women gain about 25-35 pounds. The spine is responsible to support the weight gained. That leads to back pain.  The weight of baby while growing and uterus put pressure on your blood vessels in back and pelvis.

Hormone changes

While you are pregnant you body produces a hormone known as relaxin that lets the ligaments present in pelvic area to relax and joint to turn looser in preparing for birth process. This hormone also leads the ligaments supporting spine to loosen causing pain and instability.

Posture changes

Sometimes you start adjusting your posture and also change how you move; this also leads to strain and back pain.

Stress

Emotional stress can also lead to muscle tension in your back, which is felt as spasms or back pain.

Treating back pain during pregnancy

If you do not have chronic back pain that you are suffering from before pregnancy, you can easily follow some tips to ease your back pain

Exercise

Regular exercise helps boosting flexibility and strengthening muscles. That helps easing stress on the spine. Some exercises that are safe for pregnant women are swimming, walking and stationary cycling. You can also speak to your doctor to know about the exercises that you can start with.

Cold and heat

Applying heat & cold to the back can be of help. If your doctor advises, you can start by using cold compresses on the areas that is painful for up to 20 minutes, many times on a daily basis. After 2-3 days shift to heat which can be done by using bottle containing hot water or heating pad on area which is painful and remember you should apply heat to the abdomen during your pregnancy.

Counseling

If you think your back pain is because of stress, you can speak to a counselor or a friend as their advice can be helpful.

Maintain right posture

Maintain a proper posture while sleeping, working or sitting for example sleeping on one side by using below placed between your knees can cut off stress from your back. You can also wear a support belt while sitting so that your back gets the right support.

Do not bend if you want to pick something from the ground. Avoid wearing high-heeled footwear. Do not try to sleep on your back. Wearing support hose is helpful. So in order to prevent back pain during pregnancy these simple tips can be helpful.

Handling severe back pain with right care

Nowadays, almost everyone around us experience one or other type of severe back pain. The pain occurs due to pregnancy, over exertion or any incident wherein a person had hurt his/her back. If you are the one who face back pain quite often, then you should speak to your doctor. You can get appropriate medical help as advancement in medical science can treat back pain easily.

Backache Therapies

Various therapies available can ease the pain in your back. You can try them to get rid of severe back pain.

Stretching techniques and exercise- discuss with your doctor before you begin exercising schedule. Approach a trained physical expert who can teach you on different types of exercise suitable for you.

Nutritional supplements along with regular intake of healthy diet can also help a lot, but again you need to check with your doctor before taking any supplement.

Back pain can get worse because of different reasons like long working hours stress. Techniques that help reduce stress can also help reduce the stress caused due to long working hours.

You can also opt for chiropractic manipulation which is quite effective severe back pain. The therapy includes medication along with chiropractic therapy. Muscle relaxants are used to treat muscle spasms, anti-inflammatory treatment is required for nerve pain and if the pain is more severe it is treated using opioids.

Acupuncture is one of the successful procedures used for treating severe back pain. The results of this treatment are temporary so this procedure should be taken along with another treatment used as a long term treatment. Acupuncture is normally chosen by people who prefer not to use too many medications.

Rest is helpful as it helps heal injured tissue or nerve roots and this in turn aids reducing severe lower back pain. Even rest taken for more than a few days can lead to weakening of muscles. Patients who are not engaged in regular exercise to make the body flexible and build strength experience pain for a long time or the pain occurs again their case.

Aerobic exercise along with other exercises like walking is quite effective for reducing back pain. You can also try swimming or any water exercise as such exercises help bring in appropriate oxygen supply to your tissues and aids healing.

Apart from the above therapies and steps, you should also focus on your lifestyle to find out if you are engaging yourself in any such activity that can be a reason for back pain.         You should also check if you are overweight or maintain incorrect posture while sitting as these factors also contribute to bad back pain.

Do no strain your back when you are doing daily task as this can also cause long term back pain and other severe back pain problems are also due to some medical problems like osteoporosis, arthritis, spinal injury, nerve impingement and herniated disk.

Do not engage is vigorous activities that can cause damage to your back pain. It is better to avoid unnecessary strain so that your back remains healthy.

Knowing about the reasons for severe back pain

Severe back pain can occur because of various reasons. Even daily life style is responsible for unwanted back pain problems. To avoid back pain of course we cannot give up our work isn’t?  Because of tough competition we all are making our daily lives hectic to meet the targets. For a healthy back we need to make sure that we plan our routine in such a manner that our daily life doesn’t become hectic.

There are many reasons directly responsible and some are indirectly responsible for leading to severe back pain. For instance, working on computers for long hours wherein we are sitting in a particular position with incorrect posture that causes sudden back pain. Sometimes it becomes really difficult to trace out the exact reason for sudden back pain. You may experience pain when you are lifting something too heavy and might not be aware of it. Similarly missing on regular exercise routine for weeks together or even several months can be another reason. In most cases it is because of wrong posture. No matter what the reason is, you need to determine and correct it.

There are two types of pain, acute and chronic, acute pain lasts for short period while chronic continues for a long term. Acute pain may occur as a result of accident, sports injury, stress on tissues and spinal bones. Spasms, muscle ache, inability to stand straight or move, pain travelling from one part of your body to another because of injury anywhere in your body is indications for pain in lower back because of trauma.

Chronic pain occurs when you are stressed out, in habit of smoking, bad posture or due to bad health. Strain on ligament or muscles caused due to lifting heavy things, can cause back pain. Arthritis can also lead to lower back and skeletal irregularities can also cause back pain. Osteoporosis also contributes to severe back pain.

Some not so common causes of back pain are rheumatoid arthritis, bone disorder, infections, tumors, cancer that involves spine, spine curvatures, muscle tear or strain, tear or strain of ligaments, kidney stones or infections, pregnancy related problems, uterine fibroids, ovarian cancer, ovarian cysts, endometriosis etc.,

Some of the common causes also include

Age- older adults are prone to severe back pain as compared to teens and young children

Depression

Anxiety

Smoking

Obesity

Strenuous exercise or work

Stressful job

Gender- females suffer from low back pain more than males do

Unhealthy lifestyle

Awkward or abrupt movement

Ruptured disks

Bulging disk

Sleep disorders

Bad mattresses

Some activities that lead to sever back pain are

Lifting something

Bending awkwardly

Twisting

Standing for long durations

Sitting in the same position for long hours like while driving

Coughing

Sneezing

Bending down for prolonged period

Carrying something

There can be medical as well as basic reasons for severe back pain. We need to be careful before we engage in strenuous activities so that we can avoid the damage caused to our back. Our back supports our movements etc so we need to take extra care.

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