Reasons for different types of Acute Pain

Pain is itself a symptom like rash or fever. Pain indicates that there is some problem in your body that needs treatment. There are two type of pain acute and chronic. Acute pain goes by itself or with little medication whereas the pain which stays for several months or years becomes chronic and needs proper treatment.

In this article we will focus on causes of acute arthritis pain. Acute arthritis pain is felt in joints and can be sharp, dull, tight feeling or burning and the causes of acute arthritis pain are

Inflammation caused in joint tissues like in psoriatic and rheumatoid arthritis

Depletion of lubricating fluid in your joints or cartilage, which results in rubbing of bones against each other with each and every movement(osteoarthritis)

Uric acid formation in the joint resulting in inflammation (gout)

Acute Arthritis pain ends in a short time. It can even be for a couple of seconds. This happens when an individual injures or burns himself. It is a problem that lasts for short term and later goes off. There are some causes which leads to symptoms related to inflammation. Let us look at some symptoms and then understand the causes

Inflammation leads to problems like arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and many more. The symptoms of inflammation are

  1. Joint pain
  2. Stiffness in joints
  3. Dysfunction of joints
  4. Redness
  5. Joint swelling

Some general symptoms are



Appetite loss

Muscle stiffness



Cause for the symptoms related to inflammation.

When inflammation causes, chemicals are released from our body to affected areas or blood. This release increases the flow of blood to the infected or injured area and it leads to warmth and redness. Some chemicals also result in fluid leak to our tissues which cause swelling. This process cause pain as it stimulates nerves.

The causes related to Acute joint pain are bone cancer, gout, hypothyroidism, lupus, lyme disease, bursitis, osteoarthritis, osteomyelitis, Leukemia, rickets, sarcoidosis, septic arthritis, tendinitis, reactive arthritis, pseudo gout, rickets, Paget’s disease(of bone), strains and sprains, dislocation, Adult’s still disease, vascular necrosis, complex regional pain syndrome, meralgia paresthetica.

Causes of Acute Gout

Alcohol can be one of the factors that lead to acute gout. Alcohol consumption causes dehydration and adds to symptoms of gout as alcohol effects metabolism and uric acid excretion from our kidneys leading to dehydration and precipitates the formation of crystals in our joints. Obesity, high blood pressure, abnormal functioning of kidney leads to gout.

Lifestyle factors that lead to acute gout are excessive alcohol consumption, eating foods with high-purine and other health or medical reasons that trigger gout are


Joint injury

Sever illness or surgery


Taking certain medication like cyclosporine

Fasting or crash diets

Sweet sodas


Eating large meals containing foods with high purines like shellfish and meats


Any type of acute pain should be immediately treated so that it doesn’t become chronic. Acute pain can be treated as it is short term but once it becomes chronic the treatment takes a long time.

Causes and Symptoms of Acute Pain

Pain is unbearable and acute pain occurs due to various reasons like medical disorders, ,  traumatic injury, or surgical procedures and the symptoms seen are restlessness, increased blood pressure, heart rate or respiratory rate, agitation, splinting or facial grimaces. Well the diagnosis says it is caused due to damage of potential tissue and the pain can lasts for not more than 6 months. It results in severe pain and there are chances that the patient might need surgery to treat pain. Acute pain that occurs post 24-48 hours of surgery is very difficult to bear even with the help of medications.

In individuals having orthopedic problems, acute pain originates from arterial walls, periosteum and joint surfaces. Individuals having abdominal acute pain make them lie down resting on their one side and drawing up their legs in fetal position. Acute pain doesn’t lasts for long and with the help of medication individuals can get relief.

There are many causes of acute pain like diseases, disorders or other medical conditions that cause acute pain like trauma, infection or malignancy etc., the causes can vary and it also includes traumatic causes

Traumatic causes of Acute Pain

It can be caused due to trauma o injury like

  1. Broken Bone
  2. Burns
  3. Injury caused due to electricity
  4. Foreign body
  5. Corneal Abrasion( type of eye injury)
  6. Orthopedic or sport injury for example dislocated joint
  7. Surgery
  8. Strains or Sprains
  9. Trauma(blunt force)
  10. Avulsion( tearing a body part forcibly)
  11. Removal of any body part(Amputation)
  12. Contusion or Laceration

Inflammatory and Degenerative causes of acute pain

  1. Inflammatory Arthritis
  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis
  3. Gout
  4. Pancreatitis ( Infection in pancreas)
  5. Pelvic disease(inflammatory)
  6. Vasculitis (Inflammation in blood vessels)
  7. Appendicitis
  8. Osteoarthritis

Some more possible causes of acute pain

  1. Treatment of cancer
  2. Depression
  3. Heart Attack
  4. Cluster headache, migraine or tension
  5. Cancer
  6. Fibromyalgia
  7. Infection such as ear infection, sexually transmitted diseases or food poisoning
  8. Gangrene

Some other symptoms that might occur with acute pain are

  1. Headache, flu, cough fatigue, chills, fever etc.,
  2. Appetite problems
  3. Numbness
  4. Lack of concentration
  5. Sleep disturbances
  6. Weight Loss

In some cases apart from above symptoms there can be other serious symptoms that can be life-threatening and in such cases individuals should consult the doctor immediately and these symptoms can be

  1. Bloody stools or blood urine.
  2. Change in alertness
  3. Chest pain diverging to jaw, neck or shoulder
  4. Breathlessness or wheezing
  5. High fever say more than 101 degrees F
  6. Loss of bowel control or bladder
  7. Seizures
  8. Increase or decreased levels in urine output
  9. Lethargy or weakness
  10. Numbness
  11. Stiff Neck, vomiting, headache or nausea
  12. Swelling or Redness.

Various causes of pain and related symptoms can help us diagnose and adopt best treatment method. Some life threatening causes and symptoms can affect our lives to a great extent so it is better to consult your doctor.

Causes, Symptoms and Prevention of Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain is the type of pain that you experience in lower back. You might experience decreased movement and stiffness in lower back and it becomes difficult to stand straight. Acute back pain might last for few days or might continue for few weeks.


Most people suffer at least once with some kind of low back pain. Though it causes discomfort and can happen in any part of your back and since the low back supports our body, it becomes uneasy to deal with day to day activities. Well, there are a number of reasons why we face low back like sitting in the same position for a long time, lifting any heavy object or due to accident or injury. Acute low back pain is caused due to injury to your ligaments or muscles that supports the back. The pain can occur due to strain, muscle or ligament tear, or muscle spasms.

Causes of sudden acute low back pain include:

  • Compression fractures caused due to osteoporosis to the spine
  • Cancer related to spine
  • Fractured spinal cord
  • Muscle spasm
  • Herniated or ruptured disk
  • Sciatica
  • Spine curvatures
  • Tear or strain in ligaments or muscles that supports back
  • Spinal stenosis (spinal canal get narrowed)

Other causes of low back pain can be

  • Spinal Infection
  • Arthritis conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis and osteosrthritis
  • Kidney stones or infection in kidneys
  • Pregnancy related problems
  • Medical conditions in females that affect reproductive organs including fibroids in uterus, ovarian cancer, ovarian cysts or endometriosis.

Symptoms of Acute Low Back Pain

You may experience different symptoms when you get hurt in your back. You may get a burning sensation, tingling, sharp pain or achy feeling. Sometimes you might experience mild pain whereas in some cases the pain is so severe that you cannot move.

Depending upon different causes of pain, you might also experience pain in foot, leg or hip. Sometimes you also feel weakness in feet and legs.


There are a lot of things which can help you lower the chances of facing back pain. Exercise plays an important role in preventing pain in your back. Exercising regularly can help you

  1. Improve the posture of your body
  2. Improves flexibility and strengthen back
  3. Avoid falls
  4. Lose weight

Make sure you know how to bend properly and lift things in a right way. Here are some useful tips for you to learn

  • Get help if the object is too heavy to lift
  • Try to lift the object from a close distance
  • Bend your knees instead of bending your waist
  • Avoid twisting when lifting an object, bending to lift or while carrying the object
  • Use your leg muscles to lift
  • When you lift the object try to tighten stomach muscles
  • Avoid wearing high heels and try to use soles having cushions when you are walking

Do not stand for long hours. Even if it’s necessary try to sit down in between for some time.

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