Pain relievers are typically the first drugs recommended by doctors for migraine and headaches. Many of these medications are over-the-counter, or available without a doctor’s prescription, while other headache drugs require a prescription.
Drugs for relief of migraine or headache symptoms include:
Over-the-counter pain relievers have been demonstrated to be safe when used as directed. But keep the following precautions in mind:
Know the active ingredients in each product. Be sure to read the entire label.
Do not exceed the recommended dosage on the package.
Carefully consider how you use pain relievers and all medications. It is easy to over-medicate yourself.
Check with your doctor before taking products containing aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen if: you have a bleeding problem; asthma; recently had surgery or dental surgery or are about to have surgery; have ulcers, kidney or liver disorders; or take any other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs).
Check with your doctor before taking acetaminophen if you have kidney or liver problems.