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Cortisone- A steroid that helps fight inflammation effectively

Cortisone is a steroid that helps to treat inflammation and many other health problems like skin conditions, allergic disorders, arthritis, ulcerative colitis, lupus, breathing disorders and psoriasis.

Important information

Avoid using Cortisone if you are allergic to the medication or if there is a fungal infection in your body. Before you start using Cortisone, let your doctor know about your medical conditions and other medicines that you use. There are certain diseases that can be affected by the use of steroids and similarly some other drugs can interact with steroids.

You might need a change in dosage if you have undergone a surgery, or you are ill, have an infection or fever or you are under stress. Do not change the dose of this medication without asking your doctor. Try to stay away from people having infections or who are sick. You should call your physician for preventive treatment if you come in contact with virus causing measles or chicken pox. These conditions can be severe               or fatal in patients using steroids.

To make sure whether Cortisone is safe for you or not tell your physician if you have

  • osteoporosis
  • kidney disease
  • diabetes
  • thyroid disorder
  • glaucoma/cataracts
  • tuberculosis
  • history of malaria
  • mental illness/depression
  • high BP

Dosing information

Normal Adult Dose – Adrenal Insufficiency

25 mg – 300 mg/day to be taken orally or IM, in 1 to 2 split doses.

Normal Adult Dose – idiopathic (Immune) – Thrombocytopenic Purpura:

25 mg – 300 mg/day to be taken orally or IM, in 1 to 2 split doses.

Normal Usual Adult Dose – Shock

25 mg – 300 mg/day to be taken orally or IM, in 1 to 2 split doses.

If you miss a dose of Cortisone, take it as soon as you recollect, else if it is almost the time for your next scheduled dose, then do not take the missed dose. Do not take extra dose to make up for the dose you missed.

Overdose

Call poison control centre in case of overdose.  Though overdose of Cortisone is not life threatening, but taking high doses of steroids for a long term can lead to some serious symptoms like easy bruising, thinning skin, increased facial hair or acne and menstrual problems.

Cortisone and Pregnancy

There is still no documented data available that clarifies whether use of Cortisone during pregnancy can harm the unborn baby. Inform your health care provider if you get pregnant, planning to conceive while you are on this medication.

Cortisone and breastfeeding

Cortisone can secrete in breast milk and can harm the breastfeeding baby. Avoid breastfeeding while you are on Cortisone.

Side effects – Cortisone

  • vision problems
  • low potassium
  • unusual thoughts, behaviour, severe depression or convulsions
  • tarry or bloody stools
  • high BP
  • breathlessness, fast weight gain or swelling
  • pancreatitis

Less serious- Side effects

  • increased sweating
  • sleep problems
  • dry skin, acne, discoloration, thinning skin or bruising
  • stomach pain, nausea or bloating
  • mood changes
  • slow healing of wound
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