Epilepsy – Condition affecting your Nervous system

The nervous system and brain is most crucial system which controls all other parts of your body. Disease or any malfunctioning in this system might affect your brain and spinal cord. Epilepsy is basically a condition affecting the main area of your body that is your central nervous system. This area of body includes your brain and spinal cord and it has different important responsibilities to perform. It also works to control the emotional responses of individual to stimuli, and it controls various thoughts experienced by people, it helps to retain information, and it even works to permit us to function regularly and normally.

The nervous system helps to allow your brain to communicate perfectly with different organs of your body. It is done with electrical signals. For people who experience epilepsy they experience imbalanced electrical signals.

How epilepsy happens?

When a person experiences an attack because of epilepsy, there are various situations which happen within your brain. The brain cells known as neurons are situated in brain area of known as cerebrum that start creating levels of electricity which are regarded to be quite abnormal.

Consequently, the brain begins to experience malfunctioning that results in an inability to process the electrical signals from different organs of your body that are regarded to be really normal. This activity of abnormal electrical might be experienced in complete brain or it might also be experienced in part or small section of your brain. If your entire brain gets involved, it is referred as the generalized attack. If just a part or small section of your brain is affected, it is regarded as a partial attack.

Symptoms of Epilepsy

Epilepsy has various symptoms that are experienced because of electrical activity in your brain. When it is about visible symptoms, attacks are just apparent sign of the epilepsy. However, it is significant to understand the fact that epilepsy has different and personal experience for every person who experiences it.

Several people might experience attacks which last for few minutes on the other hand some people may also experience attacks which last for just few seconds. Moreover, there are some people that lose consciousness because of attacks and others which go blank for few seconds and they might just observe loss of time. Some different symptoms of epilepsy that are caused by brain consist of below mentioned:

  • Several people experience firm spasms of muscle and may also lose control of body.
  • Few people might also experience severe headaches.
  • Many people also suffer from nausea which may or may not get accompanied with vomiting.
  • Many people who are suffering from epilepsy may also become unresponsive to the situations and to the people around them.

Though epilepsy can occur at any point of time, however many cases of epilepsy are diagnosed during childhood, and most of them in first year – about 140 babies out of 100,000 babies below the age of 1 year are identified with epilepsy each year. This decreases to 40 adults out of every 100,000. Recent reports depict that epilepsy is also quite common among older people.

Neurontin can be used to prevent Migraine, treat Nerve Pain and control the pain of fibromyalgia.

Neurontin is the trade name for the generic drug gabapentin. It is useful as an anti-epileptic drug and as an analgesic, particularly for pain of the neuropathic or neurogenic type. (pain from irritation or inflammation of nerves). When used for controlling epilepsy, it is usually used in conjunction with another anti-epileptic drug. It is used much more extensively in the medical field to treat pain than it is to treat epilepsy.

You can also buy Neurontin to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), alcohol withdrawal, chronic neuropathic pain, cocaine addiction, diabetic peripheral neuropathy,generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), fibromyalgia, menopause, migraine prevention, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), social phobia, trigeminal neuralgia.

The chemical structure of gabapentin is related that of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) which is a neurotransmitter in the brain. The exact mechanism as to how gabapentin controls epilepsy and relieves pain is unknown, but it probably acts like the neurotransmitter GABA.

Animal studies show that gabapentin prevents the development of allodynia (a normally non painful stimulus which is perceived as painful) and hyperalgesia (an exaggerated response to a painful stimulus).

Gabapentin 800 mg Tab-IVAInternational and domestic studies that have evaluated Neurontin for migraine prevention suggest that it is effective. In a study of 63 patients with migraine (with or without aura), gabapentin significantly reduced migraine frequency and intensity among 30 patients who received it. In this study, adverse events were mild to moderate in severity.

Similarly, in a large study, 143 people with migraine received daily doses of Neurontin or placebo for 12 weeks. At the end of 12 weeks, the migraine rate had declined from 4.2 migraines before treatment to 2.7 migraines after treatment in those who received this drug. This decrease was significantly greater than the decrease from 4.1 migraines to 3.5 migraines among those who received placebo. Of the 56 gabapentin recipients, 46% had at least a 50% reduction in the four-week migraine rate. Drug-related adverse events (sleepiness and dizziness) led to drug withdrawal in 13% of patients in the gabapentin group compared with 7% in the placebo group. The researchers concluded that this medication is an effective and well-tolerated preventive for migraine.

Gabapentin can be very helpful in controlling the pain of trigeminal neuralgia (tic doloreaux), post herpetic neuralgia (the lingering pain after a bout of shingles), the pain of diabetic neuropathy and other neuritic pains such as pain from nerve irritation due spinal arthritis or disc disease and occipital neuralgia. Occasionally it seems to be helpful in controlling migraine and other headaches. It has also been reported to be helpful in controlling the pain of fibromyalgia.

Gabapentin is generally well tolerated. The main side effects are dizziness and drowsiness. Occasionally there maybe some fluid retention, unsteadiness or G.I upset, mainly diarrhea.

The effective dose of gabapentin varies greatly. Some persons need only 200-300 mg a day whereas others may need 3000 mg or more a day. It may take several weeks to become effective, so it is important to stay on it for an adequate length of time.

Brain and nervous system medicines