Muscle relaxants are given to the patients to relieve pain caused due to muscle spasms, which might have occurred due to certain conditions that directly affect one’s nervous system. Conditions that may cause muscle spasms may be as a result of cerebral palsy, disease related to motor neurone and multiple sclerosis. There can be other reasons that lead to tightness or muscle spasms like injuries that continue for long period to back or head or in other cases it can also occur due to short term injury or condition such as whiplash or back pain. Medication is effective in helping muscles relax and reduce discomfort and pain.
There are various muscle relaxants available for example
Most of the above mentioned muscle relaxants are available in form of liquids, tablets and capsules. Baclofen is also available in form of injection to be injected into back and Diazepam is also available in liquid form and can be inserted into rectum.
Sometimes muscle relaxants are also used for treating other conditions like diazepam is used for treating sleeping problems(insomnia) or anxiety. It is prescribed as a premedication before an individual undergoes an operation, specifically for procedures that may lead to discomfort or anxiety. It is also used for treating seizures.
Some medicines are injected into patient’s vein during the process of surgery are also called as muscle relaxants. They are basically used to relax patient’s muscle while carrying out surgery.
Muscle relaxants work for treating discomfort and pain
Muscle relaxants make the muscles relax and lessen the stiffness and tension in them, which directly reduces discomfort or pain. Different muscle relaxants work in different ways to do this job like diazepam, Baclofen, tizanidine and methocarbamol work on brain and spinal cord that is central nervous system. Dantrolene acts directly on patient’s muscle. Cannabis works both on central nervous system and muscles.
Muscle relaxants are prescribed when
Muscle relaxants are used to reduce muscle spasms, which otherwise lead to certain condition that can have affect on nervous system like
- Cerebral palsy
- Disease related to motor neurone
- Multiple sclerosis.
- Long term back or head injuries
Cannabis extract is prescribed by the health consultant in the hospital itself and is normally suggested for people suffering from multiple sclerosis, especially for those who tried other muscle relaxants and they didn’t work for them. it is given for a period of 3-4 weeks to observe if it works for the patient.
Diazepam is basically used to provide relief from pain in lower back, whiplash or neck pain. It is quite addictive and therefore cannot be taken for longer than one or two weeks. Similarly Methocarbamol is also helpful in treating pain in lower back. In this case the pain is mostly due to muscle spasm.
How to use muscle relaxants?
These medicines are normally taken orally ( by mouth) as they are available in capsules, tablets or liquid form. In the beginning doctor may suggest you to start with a low dose slowly increase the dose over a couple of weeks. This is done to make your body get adjusted to the medicine.