Schizophrenia is a type of chronic condition that only affects the individual but the family also. As far society is concerned it causes a significant cost to the country’s economy. The condition affects 1% of the total world’s population still there are a few natural options. The major treatment for Schizophrenia is through anti-psychotic medication. Though this method is not efficient in managing the serious symptoms of this disorder and the related side effects are quite serious. A lot of studies have found that the change in physiological mechanism can be controlled through nutritional interventions in some cases suffering from schizophrenia. The study says in additional to psychotic medication, nutritional approach can be used as adjunctive treatment for treating schizophrenia.
Well, these nutritional interventions might not provide one in all solution, but they can help treating schizophrenia to some extent.
Benefits of nutritional supplements and oxidative stress
Oxidative stress happen when defense capacity of a particular organism fails to balance ROS (reactive oxygen species) and RNS (reactive nitrogen species)production as generated through normal oxidative metabolic process. In case of schizophrenia there is an increase in oxidative stress.
Vitamin E and C
Vitamins E and C are dietary oxidants (non-enzymatic), which can be effective in handling oxidative stress in people suffering from schizophrenia as they help breaking down chain reactions of free radicals. Vitamin E can help in preventing diskinesia (TD) deterioration and enhances TD. Therefore using Vitamin E supplements can help patients who experience distressing symptom.
Vitamin B and Folate Supplementation
Folate supplementation has helped individuals suffering from schizophrenia as it helped reducing the levels of homocysteine. Supplements of vitamin B12 also helped in decreasing the homcysteine levels.
Diet with anti-psychotic medication
Many studies have detected positive results by introducing a diet free of gluten for individuals suffering from schizophrenia along with standard health care. There was a lot of improvement shown in males who were given cereal and milk free diet. The patients who were kept on this diet were moved to open ward from locked ward for patients within minimum seven days as compared to other patients who were on milk-cereal diet.
Vitamin D was a risk factor in schizophrenia patients
It was found that vitamin D when given during pre natal care can alter the development of brain. In some cases, vitamin D in high doses increased the risk of having schizophrenia. Though a recent study also shows that sufficient amount of vitamin D is essential for the development of normal brain.
Schizophrenia is quite complex, devastating and disabling disorder which actually cannot be treated successfully using psychotic medication which is not efficient in treating this disorder. The side effects are severe and nutritional strategies can help to eradicate related side effects but cannot work towards curing it completely. Therefore to treat this disorder, personalized medicine plus nutritional interventions can be beneficial. Though it doesn’t affect many people, but still the studies and research needs to be done to find the solution for this complex disorder.