Joints connect our bones. They support the body and help us move. Any damage cause to your joints due to injury or disease can disturb your movement and lead to severe pain. There are different medical reasons that result in joint pain like rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout, strains, bursitis, sprains and other types of injuries. Joint pain is very common, but it can affect any body part like shoulders, feet, hands and ankles. With age the joint pain becomes more common.
Joint pain can be mild to severe pain. It may heal in a couple of weeks last for many months. If it lasts for few days it is acute and if it is prolonged it becomes chronic. Even if the pain is for short period it disturbs your day to day life. The cause for joint pain may differ, but you can mange pain with physical therapy, medication or alternative treatments.
Some treatments adopted by people for treating joint pain
Some people who do not get relief from joint pain using topical or oral medications, doctors can suggest injecting steroid medication directly into your joint in period of 3-4 months. People suffering from arthritis, tendinitis or joint diseases often go for steroid injections. Though the procedure proves to be effective the effect can be temporary in some situations. If the steroid injections are used to cover an injury, you might land up overusing your joints and damage it more.
You can consult a physical therapist to give you advice on how to strengthen your muscles surrounding the joints, improve your movement and help in stabilizing the joints. The therapist may suggest techniques like cold or heat therapy, ultrasound, electrical nerve stimulation and manipulation.
If you are carrying more weight, losing some weight can help you reduce the excess load of your body on your joints and can be helpful in relieving pain. You can lose weight with the help of exercise as this is the best way to lose weight. Focus on exercises that have low-impact and avoid further irritation of your joint. Bicycling and swimming both are best exercises with low impact and help exercise your joints without any adverse effect on joints. Swimming also helps relieving the pressure on the joint.
For short-term joint pain you can adopt simple techniques to get relief from pain and these techniques you can simply try at home.
- Protect your joint with a wrap or brace.
- Try resting your joint and avoid any activities that cause further pain.
- Ice your joint many times a day at least for 15 minutes
- Compress you joint with the help of wrap.
- Lift your joint straight above the heart level
Application of ice is of great help and applying it on painful joints can prove to be helpful in relieving inflammation and pain. Do not keep your joint still for a long time as it becomes very stiff and lose its function.