Alprazolam can be effective in treating panic and anxiety disorders

Alprazolam is an anxiolytic drug that belongs to the class of benzodiazepine. The generic name is Alprazolam and brand name is Xanax XR, Niravam, and Xanax. Alprazolam influence certain chemicals present in brain that get unbalanced in people suffering from anxiety.

Alprazolam is used to treat panic and anxiety disorders and is helpful in treating anxiety that occurs as a result of depression.

Important information

Avoid using Alprazolam if you are suffering from narrow angle glaucoma, if you use ketoconazole, itraconazole or if you are allergic to Alprazolam or similar drugs like Tranxene, Valium or Ativan.

Avoid using Alprazolam if you are pregnant as this medication can lead to birth defects or fatal withdrawal symptoms in newborn baby.

Alprazolam can be addictive too. Misusing this medication can lead to overdose, addiction or even death.

Avoid drinking alcohol while you are on Alprazolam. This medication can enhance the effects of alcohol. Since the medication can be habit forming, it should be used by only the person whom it is being prescribed to. Store the medication in a place where others cannot access it.

Things to remember before taking Alprazolam

It is quite dangerous to buy Alprazolam through vendors outside U.S. or through internet.

To ensure Alprazolam is suitable for you, speak to your doctor if you have

  • epilepsy or seizures
  • liver or kidney disease
  • open angle glaucoma
  • breathing disorder or asthma
  • history of suicidal thoughts/behaviour or depression
  •  history of alcohol or drug addiction

Dosing Information

Normal Adult dose of Alprazolam- Anxiety

Immediate release tablets, oral concentrate, orally disintegrating tablets

Initial dose: 0.25-05mg to be taken orally- thrice a day

This dose can be increased gradually after every 3-4 days if required and depending upon patient’s tolerance to the medication.

Maintenance dose: Can increase up to daily dose of maximum 4mg in split doses

Normal Adult dose of Alprazolam- Panic disorder

Immediate release tablets, orally disintegrating tablets

Initial dose: 0.5mg to be taken orally- thrice a day

This dose can be increased gradually after every 3-4 days if required and depending upon patient’s tolerance to the medication.

Maintenance dose: 1-10mg/day in split doses

Alprazolam and pregnancy

Do not use Alprazolam when you are pregnant as it can lead to life threatening effects. Babies born to mothers who take Alprazolam require medication for many weeks post birth. You can see harmful withdrawal symptoms in new born baby so avoid using the medication during pregnancy.

Alprazolam and breastfeeding

Alprazolam secrets into breast milk and can harm a breastfeeding baby. Do not breastfeed your baby while you are using Alprazolam.

Alprazolam- Side effects

  • drowsiness
  • memory problems
  • feeling tired
  • lack of coordination, balance or slurred speech

Drug Interactions

Taking this medication with other drugs can make you feel drowsy so speak to your physician if you are using this medication with sleeping pill, muscle relaxer, pain medicine (narcotic), and medicine for depression, seizures or anxiety. Speak to your doctor if you are using the following medicines or stopped using them

  • nefazodone
  • digoxin;
  • fluvoxamine
  • cimetidine
  • ritonavir or other drugs to treat AIDS, HIV
  • antifungal medicine- voriconazole, fluconazole

Treating insomnia, headache and seizures with Barbiturates

Barbiturates are basically CNS depressants. They decrease the actions of nerves leading to muscle relaxation. They can also affect heart rate, blood pressure and breathing. All Barbiturates influence GABA a chemical that the nerves use to communicate with each other.

Barbiturates are available in the following forms of dosages

  • Capsule
  • Suspension
  • Solution
  • Tablet
  • Elixir
  • Suppository

Medical uses- Barbiturates

Barbiturates are drugs used to treat seizures, insomnia and headaches. Some of the Barbiturates available in the United States are

  • secobarbital
  • butabarbital
  • amobarbital
  • Phenobarbital
  • belladonna
  • butalbital
  • aspirin/cafffiene

Before using Barbiturates discuss with your doctor if you had any allergic reaction to similar medicine or medicines that belong to this class.  Also inform your doctor in case of any other type of allergies you have like to food dyes, animals or preservatives.

Common side effects- Barbiturates

Barbiturates can reduce your heart beat, slow breathing and can be habit forming too.

Drug Interactions- Barbiturates

Barbiturates must be used with extra caution while using it with some other drugs as it elevates the breakdown of these drugs resulting in decreased effectiveness. Some of the drugs that can interact with Barbiturates are

  • lurasidone
  • atazanavir
  • ranolazine
  • ritonavir
  • voriconazole
  • telaprevir
  • boceprevir

Using Barbiturates with some other CNS depressant drugs needs extra caution as using the combination of these drugs can result in lethargy, sedation and in severe cases coma and even death. examples are

  • alprazolam (Xanax),
  • zaleplon (Sonata).
  • diazepam (Valium),
  • zolpidem (Ambien),
  • clonazepam (Klonopin)

Are Barbiturates safe for use during pregnancy?

FDA has categorized amobarbital, secobarbital, Phenobarbital, pentobarbital in D category, which means Barbiturates are not safe for use during pregnancy. Since there is no evidence that supports the use of Barbiturates during pregnancy, it should be avoided in pregnant women. Using Barbiturates regularly during your pregnancy can lead to bleeding problems in unborn baby. It can also lead to withdrawal effects in baby post birth.

Using Barbiturates for anaesthesia during delivery and labour can prolong labour and also delay delivery and it reduces the force as well the frequency of uterus contractions.

Are Barbiturates safe for use during breastfeeding?

It is still not known whether Barbiturates secrete in breast milk, therefore Barbiturates should not be used in nursing mothers to ensure infant’s safety.

Important information

Barbiturates are sometimes used prior surgery to relieve tension and anxiety. Some Barbiturates are helpful as anticonvulsants to manage seizures in some disorders like epilepsy or other disorders. Barbiturates are used to treat sleeping problems (insomnia), but if you use Barbiturates regularly to treat insomnia, they are not effective for more than 2 weeks. Barbiturates are also used to relieve restlessness or nervousness during daytime. Barbiturates become habit forming when used in excess amounts.

Barbiturates are basically not recommended for use in managing tension or anxiety caused due to stress of everyday life.

Diazepam can treat muscle spasms and anxiety disorders

Diazepam is a benzodiazepine, which works by affecting certain chemicals present in the brain that are not balanced in people suffering from anxiety. Diazepam is basically useful in treating symptoms of alcohol withdrawal, anxiety disorders and muscles spasms. Sometimes it is also used in combination with other drugs to treat seizures.

Important Information

Avoid using Diazepam if you are allergic to the medicine or to similar drugs like Restoril, Ativan, Xanas,Klonopin or if you are suffering from myasthenia gravis, narrow angle glaucoma, serious liver disease, sleep apnea, seizures, history of drug abuse, mental illness, suicidal thoughts, depression or serious breathing problems. Speak to your doctor if you have any of these health ailments.

Diazepam can be habit forming too. Misuse of this medication can result in overdose, addiction or even death.  Avoid giving this medication to children less than 6 months.

To ensure the medication is safe for you or not, tell your health care provider if you have these health problems

  • emphysema, COPD, asthma, bronchitis or breathing problems
  • seizure disorder or epilepsy
  • history of alcohol or drug addiction
  • glaucoma
  • liver or kidney disease

 

Side effects

Seek emergency help in case you experience these symptoms

  • no or little urinating
  • aggression, agitation, hostility, hyperactivity
  • worsening or new seizures
  • unusual behaviour or thoughts, confusion or hallucinations
  • decreased inhibitions, unusual behaviour which provokes in taking risks
  • shallow or weak breathing
  • suicidal thoughts, depression or feel like hurting yourself
  • tremor, muscle twitching

Common side effects are

  • tired feeling
  • drowsiness
  • loss of coordination
  • muscle weakness

Drug Interactions

Using Diazepam with other medications can have adverse effects, therefore let your doctor know if you are using other medications or stopped using any. Some drugs that can interact with Diazepam are

  • omeprazole
  • cimetidine
  • disulfiram
  • phenytoin
  • fluoxetine
  • itraconazole
  • blood pressure or heart such as nicardipine,diltiazem, verapamil, quinidine

Diazepam and pregnancy

When you are on medication for controlling seizures do not stop or start using Diazepam during pregnancy without consulting your doctor. Diazepam can cause harm to the unborn baby, but getting seizures is more harmful to both the baby and the mother. Inform your doctor if you get pregnant while you are on Diazepam for treating seizures.

When treating muscles spasms, alcohol withdrawal or anxiety, if you use Diazepam while you are pregnant, there are chances that your baby becomes drug dependent. This can also lead to withdrawal symptoms in your baby, which can be fatal post birth. In such cases babies may need treatment for a many weeks, so inform your doctor if you are planning to conceive or become pregnant.

Diazepam and breastfeeding

Diazepam can secrete into breast milk and can harm your baby. Do not breastfeed your baby while taking this medication.

Misusing this medicine can be dangerous so avoid using the medicine in excess. Do not use the medicine in excess amounts than recommended by the doctor. Misuse can lead to overdose, addiction or death.

Clonazepam – An anti-epileptic drug helpful in treating some seizure disorders

Clonazepam is a type of benzodiazepine. It works by influencing certain chemicals present in the brain that are unbalanced. It is also a medicine used to treat seizures and also known as an anti-epileptic drug.  Clonazepam is helpful in treating certain types of seizure disorders in children and adults.

Important Information

Avoid using Clonazepam if you are suffering from narrow angle glaucoma, serious liver disease, or allergic to Valium or similar drugs. Contact your doctor if you experience any worsening or new symptoms of depression, unusual changes in thoughts or behaviour, suicidal thoughts or feeling of hurting yourself.

Do not drink alcohol while you are on this medication. Clonazepam can be habit forming. Do not share Clonazepam with any other person. Store the medicine in a place where others cannot access it.

Some people get suicidal thoughts while using this seizure medication. Your doctor can advise you to come for regular checkups to monitor your progress. Your family members or caregivers should be alert to check for signs of your mood changes.

Dosing Information

Normal Adult dose for Seizure Prophylaxis

1.5mg to be taken orally per day in split of 3 doses; this can be increased in amounts of 0.5mg – 1mg every three days until seizures are controlled satisfactorily or till the side effects are prevented before they increase.

Maximum dose: 20mg to be taken orally per day

Normal dose for panic disorder

Initial dose: 0.25mg to be taken orally – 2 times/day

Maintenance dose: 1mg to be taken orally/day

Maximum dose: 4mg to be taken orally/day

In case you miss a dose of Clonazepam, take it as soon as it strikes you. Do not take the missed dose if it is the time for your next dose. Do not use extra dose to make up for the dose you missed.

Overdose

In case you observe any symptoms of overdose like fainting, muscle weakness, drowsiness or coma, call poison control centre immediately as these symptoms of overdose if not treated in time can be fatal. So do not ignore these symptoms and ask for medical help immediately.

Side effects

  • severe drowsiness
  • worsening or new seizures
  • shallow or weak breathing
  • aggression, hallucinations or confusion
  • unusual changes in behaviour or mood
  • thoughts of hurting yourself or committing suicide
  • involuntary or unusual eye movements

Common side effects are

  • feeling depressed or tired
  • dizziness, drowsiness
  • memory problems
  • problems with coordination or balance

Clonazepam and pregnancy

If you are pregnant follow the directions of your doctor for using seizure medications. Do not stop or start using this medicine without your doctor’s consent. Inform your doctor if you are pregnant. Clonazepam can cause harm to your unborn baby and can lead to feeding and breathing problems in new born baby. Seizures can harm both mother and baby during pregnancy.

Clonazepam and breastfeeding

Clonazepam can secret into breast milk and harm nursing baby. Do not breastfed your baby while you are using this medication.

Benzodiazepines- psychoactive drugs that help treating insomnia and anxiety

Benzodiazepines belong to the class of psychoactive drugs that are helpful in treating insomnia and anxiety including a range of other health ailments. Benzodiazepines have hypnotic, anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant and anti-anxiety properties. They work by increasing the GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) effect which reduces the actions of neurons responsible for causing anxiety and stress.

Using these medicines for short term is turns out to be effective and safe. However using Benzodiazepines for a long term can lead to complications due to its dependence, possibilities of tolerance and other harmful effects.

Benzodiazepines – Medical uses

  • Insomnia

As Benzodiazepines can lead to addiction, they are generally used for short term for treating severe insomnia or on as needed/irregular basis.

The common Benzodiazepines recommended for alcohol withdrawal is chlodiazepoxide. chlodiazepoxide treatment is followed by another type of Benzodiazepine known as diazepam. The drugs aid detoxification in alcoholics thereby reducing the risk of severe withdrawal symptoms and its effects.

  • Panic Attacks

Due to the fast anti-anxiety effects, Benzodiazepines prove to be highly effective in treating anxiety related to panic disorder.

Different types of Benzodiazepines are

  • Alprazolam
  • Clorazepate
  • Chlordiazepoxide
  • Estazolam
  • Oxazepam
  • Temazepam
  • Loprazolam
  • Triazolam

Side effects of Benzodiazepines

  • trembling
  • Grogginess
  • headache
  • confusion
  • drowsiness
  • depression
  • dizziness
  • impaired coordination
  • vision problems

Risks

Using Benzodiazepines for a long term in senior citizens above 65 years can lead to dementia. Using Benzodiazepines for a prolonged period can also lead to drug dependency. The withdrawal symptoms can be sweating, depression and sleeping problems.

If you have drug dependent then do not stop taking the drug suddenly as it can be dangerous. Stopping the treatment cold turkey can lead to tremors, muscle cramps, seizures which can be life threatening. therefore consult your doctor as he can help you stop using Benzodiazepines slowly so that you don’t have to face serious withdrawal symptoms.

Overdose

The overdose of Benzodiazepines is rare and cannot be fatal until and unless it is used in combination with alcohol, opioids, trycyclic antidepressants and barbiturates. The common Benzodiazepines overdose symptoms are CNS intoxication and depression, impaired movement control, impaired balance and slurred speech.

Drug Interactions- Benzodiazepines

Before you start with Benzodiazepines treatment, make sure you tell your physician about each and every medicine you are using currently. Some drugs, like oral contraceptives, antidepressants can lead to excess drug accumulation and enhance side effects of Benzodiazepines.

Also other drugs like carbamazepine or phenytoin when used in combination with Benzodiazepines can reduce the effect of Benzodiazepines. Patients should avoid using Benzodiazepines with opioids, alcohol as it can lead to life threatening interaction.

Abuse- Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines abuse is becoming a serious health issues among masses. The reason is misusing Benzodiazepines with other drugs and misusing this drug with other drugs can be deadly. To avoid the misuse of this drug one should lock up the mediation or disposing the unused drugs properly can help prevent life threatening cases.

Valerian – A wise Anxiolytics

Valerian is herb sold widely and is primarily studied for their sleep persuading ability. There are few people who even claim that when valerian is taken for small period it is a great hypnotic and free from any kind of side effects.

Valerian is basically a perennial herb native for several parts of world that includes Asia, North America and Europe. In many parts of Europe and Asia, valerian is extensively used for their ability to encourage sleep and to lessen anxiety. There are various formulations of this herb available in the stores and quite often valerian is also combined with different herbs such as melatonin. Like many other herbal products, extracts of valerian are not monitored rigidly, moreover quantity and quality of product differs from one store to another store.

The extracts of valerian are found and analyzed to have a great variety of oils and chemicals including valeric acid, alkaloids, iridoids (valepotriates), furanofuran lignans, tyrosine, arginine, G-aminobutyric acid also known as GABA and glutamine. Among such ingredients it is also believed that sesquiterpene components of volatile oil mainly are accountable for sedative effects. However, current research even shows that possibly an interaction between valeric acid and GABA may be accountable for anti-anxiety effects.

There are several studies that show that valerian certainly is an effective Anxiolytics for insomnia when it is compared to placebo. Though, there is also a great variability among various formulas of valerian and their effectiveness being sedatives. Moreover, Valerian also seems to work perfectly for people who are really poor sleepers, smokers and younger hyperactive people.

Individuals who enjoy sound sleep for 6-8 hours in night are not affected through valerian. The complete dose of valerian induce the range of sleep from 450 mg to 900 mg. Experts suggest starting it at low dose and gradually increasing dose according to the response of a person. However, here also lies a word of caution- Valerian not always work properly for all individuals and it is also believed to be due because of fake and counterfeit products. Hence always get the herb from a reputed dealer.

Unlike the pharmaceutical drugs, valerian usually does not interact clearly with alcohol though still combination should always be avoided. They are the case reports which prolonged the use of valerian might also lead to habituation along with withdrawal symptoms while it is rudely stopped and Valerian is considered to be best when taken at night for the purpose of insomnia.

Unlike some other herbs, even valerian is safe product and it has negligible side effects and it is also well tolerated- and they also work. However, Valeria is great sleep aid and might even be useful for people who are addicted to benzodiazepines.

It is well said that Health is wealth and so with the poor health so you would lose all wealth. So start today to live healthy life that can save your wealth. But with only good health and without any wealth, you cannot enjoy your life.

Facts about Anti-anxiety medication – Anxiolytics

There are a lot of medications available in the market for anti-anxiety (anxiolytics) to help people fight different types of disorders related to anxiety. People suffering from worst anxiety try different natural treatments along with making changes in their lifestyle, but whatever they try goes in vain and they feel uncomfortable to lead a normal life in the society.

Anxiety in some individuals weakens them to such an extent that they prefer sitting at home in isolation rather than going out for a walk. People who suffer from serious anxiety forms, medication can prove to be best treatment option for them. The most common prescribed drugs for treating anxiety is selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and benzodiazepines. In addition to these, there are some other alternative anxiolytic options like buspar showing clinical efficacy. Most drugs show good results at determining uncontrollable or genetic reasons for anxiety or cases wherein anxiety is not possible to be treated through change in lifestyles.

List of Medications for Anti-Anxiety (Anxiolytic Drugs)

Most doctors suggest an SSRI drug for people with moderate or mild anxiety. Someone having panic or severe anxiety are given benzodiazepine. It is very important to know that each medication has its own drawbacks and benefits.

Benzodiazepines

This is considered to be an effective medication to reduce the disorder of anxiety. For panic and severe anxiety the most effective medication that will work is benzodiazepine. They work targeting GABA receptors that exist in your brain to make you feel relax to a greater extent.

Normally this drug has a drawback linked to it and that is addiction and tolerance. In addition to this risk, when used for long term it can cause memory impairment (permanent) or dementia. Even withdrawing from this medication (benzodiazepine) can be dangerous if not carried out properly can also worsen anxiety.

SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors)

This medication proves to be really effective to treat certain anxiety types. Some are believed to work best for PTSD, while some others are proven to better work for anxiety forms like social anxiety or OCD. SSRIs prove to work great as compared to benzodiazepines to be used in for longer period. Most people slowly get tolerant to the drugs (after years). In addition some of the common effects seen are sexual dysfunction, weight gain, which many people aren’t comfortable with. For many people withdrawal from this medicine is not a joke as psychological symptoms can get very severe and continue many months after use.

Buspar (Buspirone)

Despite the medication is approved for treating anxiety disorder, many people feel it doesn’t work for them at all whereas for others it works very well leaving side effects which are minimal. Buspar is not believed to be equally powerful as SSRI medication.

SNRIs (Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors)

The medication works by targeting multiple neurotransmitters in order to improve mood. Not all SNRI medications are considered to be effective for treating anxiety because of the fact that component called norepinephrine reuptake actually leads to increased anxiety.

Kava is Used in Quantum Brain Healing to Treat Anxiety, Nervousness, and Agoraphobia

Quantum Brain Healing uses Kava to sedate the overactive brain. Kava acts on the limbic system and it affects several neurotransmitters including GABA and noradrenalin. The limbic area of the brain is key to your emotions of sadness, fear, and anger.

Kava has anticonvulsant effects. It is an anti-inflammatory and can be considered a secondary level anti-aging herb. It can act as a muscle relaxant on the skeletal muscles and Central Nervous System. Kava is an anxiolytic and may used to treat anxiety. Kava can enhance cognitive thinking skills and improve reaction time. It is important not to overuse this herb.

It may be an adaptogen due to its slight ability to elevate mood and sedate. Frequently herbs that can produce two opposing actions depending upon what is needed by the body are considered adaptogens. Kava is associated with lower levels of leukemia and ovarian cancer by a study at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland. It is important to note that there are reports of severe liver toxicity by a few on this herb. This may be due to problems with how it is made or other substances that the patients are consuming while on this herb.

Kava can be used to treat anxiety, nervousness, stress, and insomnia. These conditions are related for many people and the slight sedating effect that Kava has may resolve anxiety and stress. This may the mechanism of how the insomnia is resolved. Kava also treats agoraphobia and may be tied to its ability to affect the limbic area of the brain.

Kava must be supported with vitamins, minerals, and high levels of antioxidants. A break should be taken from this herb on a regular basis. Use a wide variety of organic vegetables and fruits. Avoid alcohol, cigarettes, nicotine, and recreational drugs when taking Kava. Do not do anything to overload the liver. A regular liver detoxification is a good idea for anyone taking this herb.

This is not recommended for those with Parkinson’s, liver disease, lung disease, depression, or bipolar disease. Kava has negative interactions with acetazolamide, amiloride, furosemide or with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors such as benazepril, captopril, lisinopril, quinapril, ramipril, levodopa-based medication, alcohol, Xanax, barbiturates, or other mood-altering drugs. It is contra-indicated in these cases.

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List of Anxiolytics

Anxiolytics

  • Alprazolam (Xanax)
  • Diazepam (Valium)
  • Lorazepam (Ativan)
  • Triazolam (Halcion)